Table of Contents
Answer each question in two to four lines.
1. What is meant by the term Ideology?
Ideology is a set of ideas or norms on which the collective ideals of a community, nation, or millat are based. It also inculcates the sum-total of principles set forth for the achievement of these common ideals.
2. What is the Islamic theory of nationhood?
The Islamic theory of nationhood is based on religion. It believes in faith and belief to be the distinctive feature amongst the nations. The Muslims are a distinct nation from the other nations of the world on account of their religious beliefs and rights.
3. Explain Pakistan’s ideology briefly.
Pakistan Ideology was based on the “Two Nation Theory”, which meant that Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations and both nations are quite different from each other. Pakistani ideology is based on the fact that the Muslims are a separate nation, having their own civilization, their own customs, their own culture, their own religion, and a totally different way of life from that of Hindus.
4. What the Quaid-e-Azam thought about minorities? Quote a brief statement.
Safeguarding the rights of the minorities in Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam said:
“You are free: you are free to go to your temples or any other places of worship in this state. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed………..that has nothing to do with the business of the state…………we are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one state”
5. Write a short note on Simla Deputation.
A deputation of Muslim leaders called on Lord Minto, the Viceroy, on October 1, 1906, at Simla. Sir Agha Khan, the head of the deputation, presented a Memorandum in which he requested the basic political, economic, cultural, and other rights for the Muslims. He also introduced a system of separate electorate for the Muslims. The Viceroy’s reaction was favorable.
6. What do you know about “Asbab-e-Baghawat-e-Hind (causes of Indian Mutiny)?
Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan wrote a book entitled “Asbab Baghawat-e-Hind”. This book was specially meant for the reading of the members of the British Parliament. In this book, Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan wanted to clarify the reasons that forced the Muslims of India to wage a fight against the British in 1857. He tried to clarify the position of the Muslims in the eyes of the British Government.
7. What objectives were set for the Muslim League at the time of its inception?
The objectives of the Muslim League were the following:
- To create an understanding between the government and the Indian Muslims to promote the feelings of Loyalty among them to co-ordinate with the other nations and political parties for the general welfare of the people.
- To protect the rights of the Muslim nation, to interact with the Government and other agencies for this purpose.
8. What important change was made in the objectives of the Muslim League and when?
In March 1993, changes in the objective of the All India Muslim League were made on the Quaid-e-Azam’s incentive. The Muslim League denounced the policy of unconditional subservience and favored “self-government suitable for Indian conditions”.
9. Write a note on the Simla Conference.
Lord Wavell came to India in 1944 and he announced a plan for the solution to the Indian problem. To discuss the plan with Indian political leaders, Wavell called an All Parties Conference at Simla on June 25, 1945. All-important leaders except Gandhiji participated in this conference. The Conference failed to achieve any purpose due to the one-sided attitude of Lord Wavell. In this conference, Quaid-e-Azam made it crystal clear that only the Muslim League could represent Muslims of India.
10. What were the salient features of the Indian Independence act?
On July 18, 1947, the British parliament passed the Indian Independence Act that was satisfied by the Crown on July 18, 1947. The salient features of this act were:
- British rule over Indian would end on August 15, 1947.
- The title of the emperor of India would no more remain a part of the British Crown.
- Pakistan and India would be run according to the Government of India Act, 1935 unless these countries form their own constitutions.