SECTION-A (Marks 10)


Q1. Circle the correct option i.e A/B/C/D. Each part carries one mark.

(i)  D                      (ii)  A                   (iii)  B                 (iv)  A                 (v)  A

(vi) D                     (vii) B                  (viii) C                (ix)  B                 (x)  C


SECTION-B (Marks 24)


Q2. Answer briefly any eight of the following questions.


(i) What is meant by ‘Toheed’?

Ans: To believe in the Oneness of Allah and the finality of the Prophet Hood of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is the first pillar of Islam. Oneness of God (Touheed) the first pillar of Islam. Oneness of God (Touheed) means that Allah is the creator and master of the entire universe. No one is his partner and nothing is beyond his knowledge.


(ii) Give the location and area of Pakistan. 

Ans: Pakistan is located between latitudes 23° – and 37° N, and longitudes 61° and 77° E. India lies in the East of Pakistan, China in the North while Afghanistan in the North-west and Iran in the West. The Arabian Sea is in the South of Pakistan.


(iii) Write three causes of land pollution.

Ans: Major causes of this pollution are as under:

  1. Releasing used water of houses and factories
  2. Spraying pesticides on crops and using chemical fertilizers
  3. Natural disaster such as earthquakes and floods etc

(iv) Which areas of Muslim majority, India got as a result of unjust division by Radcliffe?

Ans: Radcliffe unjustly deprived Pakistan of some important areas. Three of the Tehsils of Gurdaspur District i.e. Gurdaspur, Pathankot and Batala: Zira, the Tehsil of Ferozepur and some other areas comprised of an overwhelming majority of population of the Muslims were handed over to India.


(v) What did Allama Iqbal mention in his famous Allahabad address?

Ans: In his famous presidential address at Allahabad in 1930, Allama Iqbal demanded a separate state for the Muslims so that they might lead their lives in accordance with their religion and culture. He said

“The formation of a consolidate North-West Indian Muslim state appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of North-West India. The life of Islam as a cultural force in this living country very largely depends on its centralization in a specified territory. I, therefore, demand the formation of a consolidated Muslim State in the best interests of India and Islam”.


(vi) What is meant by Union Council and Union Committee?

 Ans: The lowest tier of Basic Democracies was composed of union councils. It was called Union Council for rural areas and Union Committee for urban areas. 1000 to 1500 voters elected one member directly. He or she was called B.D Member. They were responsible for sanitation, arrangements of street lights and Passengers’ Houses (Musafirkhana) keeping death and birth records etc.


(vii) Write three points of Wavell plan. 

Ans: Lord Wavell was the British viceroy in India. He announced to call for a conference to think over the issues of the Sub-continent so that decisions could be taken regarding the constitution of the future, formation of the government and elections of the Assemblies. Following points were included in the Wavell Plan:

  1. The constitution of the future will be made with the will of all the political forces.
  2. Governor General will preside over the Executive Council. All the members of the Executive Council will belong to the Sub-continent except the Commander in Chief.
  3. After the reconstituting the Executive Council in the centre, Executive Councils will be reconstituted in all the provinces.

(viii) What is meant by Two Nation Theory in the historical perspective of the Sub-continent?

Ans: In the perspective of the Sub-continent, Two-Nation Theory means that two major nations, the Muslims and the Hindus, were settled there. The two nations were entirely different from each other in their religious ideas, the way of living and collective thinking. Their basic principle and the way of living are so different that despite living together for centuries, they could not intermingle with each other. The Indian Muslims fought the war of freedom on the basis of Two-Nation Theory and after accepting this theory as a historical face, two separate states. Pakistan and India came into Existence. This theory is the basis of Ideology of Pakistan.


(ix) What do you mean by Economic Development?

Ans: The growth of an economy from backward to advanced economy is known as Economic Development. It is a process through which such changes are introduced in economy by adopting and utilizing modern, advanced, capital and human resources as increase the income of the country. The living standard of the people rises. The masses enjoy better opportunities of education, health, employment and recreation.


(x) What were the Islamic Provisions of 1956 constitution?

  1. According to the Constitution, the name of the country was adopted as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
  2. It was declared that the President of the country shall be Muslim.
  3. The Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings and requirements of Islam.
  4. No law would be passed or promulgated against the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah.
  5. Usury, sale of alcohol and narcotics and prostitution shall be banned and were prohibited.
  6. Pakistan shall be made a welfare state.

(xi) Write three proposals of Cripps Mission?

  1. After the war, the Sub-continent will be under the Crown but the British Government would avoid interfering in internal as well as external affairs.
  2. Defence, Foreign Affairs, Communication etc. will be handed over the Indians.
  3. The members of the provincial Legislative Assemblies will elect a Central Assembly for framing constitution. After the constitution is framed, it will be sent to all the provinces for confirmation. The provinces which would not approve the constitution would have the authority to establish their independent status.
  4. Appropriate steps will be taken for the security of minorities.



SECTION-C (Marks 16)


Note: Attempt any TWO questions. All questions carry equal marks.


Q3. Narrate the main points of 3rd June 1947 plan?

Ans:   Main Points of 3rd June 1947 Plan:

The Government made the decision to partition the Sub-continent. Acknowledging the principles stand of the establishment of two states, the Government settled the details and developed the programme regarding the future of various provinces and states.

  1. The Punjab and Bengal Province:

The Provincial legislative Assemblies of Punjab and Bengal were to meet in two groups, i.e. Muslim majority districts and non-Muslim majority districts. The members of the two parts of each legislative Assembly sitting separately will be empowered to vote whether or not the Province should be partitioned. If any of the two decided in favor of the division of the province, then the Governor General would appoint a boundary commission to demarcate the Province.

  1. The North-West Frontier Province (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa):

A referendum would be held in the NWFP to ascertain whether they wished to join Pakistan or India. The political issues of the Tribal Areas would be settled by the Government that is formed after the referendum. The Governor-General would conduct referendum himself and for this purpose, he would have the co-operation of the Provincial Government.

  1. Sindh:

Sindh Assembly would decide the future state of the province through the majority of vote. It would be decided whether the province wished to join Pakistan or India. The European Members of Sindh Assembly would not have the right to vote.

  1. Balochistan:

Balochistan had not been given the status of province till then. According to Plan, the opinion of the Quetta Municipality and Shahi Jirga would be sought. The official members would not be included in voting.

  1. Non-Muslim Majority Provinces:

The Whole of Assam excluding Sylhet would become a part of India. Likewise Bihar, Orissa, U.P, C.P, Bombay (Mumbai) and Madras would be included in India.

  1. Princely States:

There were 635 such states in the Sub-continent as were ruled by Nawabs or Rajas. Some important states include Jammu & Kashmir, Kapurthala, Bikaner, Hyderabad Deccan, Swat, Dir, Patiala, Bahawalpur and Junagadh. These states were also given the option to decide their future and join the country of their own choice.


Q4. Describe the significance of forests?

Ans: Significance of Forests:

  1. The Northern mountain areas receive much rain. This rain water, from mountains, comes down the slopes with great speed and falls into the rivers. The trees on slopes check the speedy flow of water. They help in preventing soil erosion and reduce the velocity of water.
  2. Pakistan has limited energy resources. The wood obtained from the forests makes up the deficiency of coal. It is used for fuel.
  3. Forests provide different kinds of wood which are used in building and making of furniture and other things.
  4. Sports good are manufactured of forest wood. Pakistan export these sports goods and earns foreign exchange.
  5. Forests make the climate of an area pleasant. They reduce the intensity of temperature.
  6. Forests are also a source of rain. They increase the quantity of water vapors in the air that cause rain-fall.
  7. If there are no forests, rivers wash away with them a huge quantity of sand and soil. They may fill the dams and artificial lakes. As a result, the storage capacity of water in dams and artificial lakes is decreased and less quantity of water is available for agriculture and industry.
  8. Trees are very useful in water-logged and salinity affected areas. The roots of the trees absorb water from the soil. They decrease the underground level of water. As a result, water level goes down.
  9. Herbs are found in forests. They are used in the preparation of medicines.
  10. Forests promote tourism. There are many places in the north and north-western mountain areas of Pakistan which are worth-seeing and tourist resort places.
  11. Forests are very necessary for wild life (birds and animals)
  12. Forests provide us with different kinds of fruit and seeds. They also provide fodder for animals.
  13. Forests play a key role in the economy of Pakistan.
  14. Forests are the source of Lacquer and silk cocoon industry. They also provide us with mushrooms, honey and gum.
  15. Raw material of paper and card board industry is obtained from trees.

The government of Pakistan has taken many steps to increase the area of forests. Department of Forestry is trying hard in this connection. Nurseries are established in all the big cities. Plants are available from these nurseries at reasonable prices.


Q5. Elaborate on the ideology of Pakistan in the light of the pronouncements of the Quaid-e-Azam. 

Ans: According to Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) the territories having Muslim majority i.e. Punjab, Bengal, Asam, Sindh, NWFP (KPK) and Balochistan should be put together to form Pakistan where people may lead their lives in accordance with the principles of their religion, civilization, traditions, ethics and economics. The Muslims may run the affairs of the state according to their values freely. The minorities should enjoy equal rights too.

1. Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) considered the Islamic System fully applicable. He wanted to establish the system of the country on the basis of Quran. In the session of All India Muslim League at Karachi in 1943, he said:

What relationship knits the Muslims into one whole, which the formidable rock on which the Muslim edifice has been erected, which the sheet anchor providing basis to the Muslim Millat, the relationship, the sheet anchor and the rock is Holy Quran.”

2. While addressing the students in March 1944, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) said:

“Islam is our guide and it is the complete code of life.”

3. Addressng at Aligarh, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) explained the ideology of Pakistan in the following words:

What was the motive of demand for Pakistan and what was the reason of separate state for the Muslims? Why was the need to divide India felt? Its reasons in neither narrow neither mindedness of the Hindus nor tactics of the British. It is the fundamental demand of Islam.”

4. Addressing the Officers of the Government of Pakistan at Karachi on 11th October, 1947, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) said:

“The establishment of Pakistan for which we have been striving for the last ten years is, by grace of God, an established fact today, but the creation of a State of our own was a means to an end and not the end in itself. The idea was that we should have a state in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find fair play.”

5. On one occasion, while explaining the Ideology of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) said:

“We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we want a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles.”

6. On 21st March, 1948, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) addressed the people of Dhaka. He said:

“What we want is not to talk about Bengali, Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, and Pathan and so on. We are nothing but Pakistani. Now it is our duty to act like Pakistani.”

7. On 1st July, 1948, Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) inaugurated the State Bank of Pakistan. On this occasion, he said

“The economic system of the West has created almost insoluble problems for humanity. It has failed to do justice between man and man. We must present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice.”