Table of Contents
PAKISTAN STUDIES SSC-I
SECTION-A (Marks 10)
Q1. Circle the correct option i.e A/B/C/D. Each part carries one mark.
(i) A (ii) C (iii) C (iv) A (v) D
(vi) B (vii) C (viii) C (ix) D (x) C
SECTION-B (MARKS 24)
Q2: Answer briefly any of the following eight questions:
(i) What is meant by the Ideology of Pakistan?
Ans: Pakistan is an ideological state. It is based on specific philosophy of life. Its basis is the religion of Islam. This religion has been in practice for centuries. This is the basis that caused the movement of Pakistan. The ideology of Pakistan means ideology of Islam. No doubt, the Islamic Ideology is the foundation of the ideology of Pakistan.
(ii) What did Quaid-e-Azam say about nationalism?
Ans: Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) was a firm advocate of the Two-Nation Theory. He gave the Muslims the status of a separate nation in every respect. He said: “Musalmans are a nation according to any definition of a nation, and they must have their homeland, their territory, and their state.”
(iii) What was the reply of the Quaid-e-Azam in Jinnah – Gandhi talks 1944 AD?
Ans: Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) adjudged that the style adopted by Gandhi is nothing but cheating and hypocrisy and cunningness. He emphasized that the British must settle the issue of Pakistan before the freedom of India because Congress and Hindus could not be relied upon.
(iv) Write the text of the Pakistan Resolution.
Ans: The 27 Annual Session of All India Muslim League was held at Lahore in the historical park “Iqbal Park on 23rd of March 1940. It was presided over by the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Rahmatullah) Great personalities like Moulana Zafar Ali Khan, Chaudhary Khaleeq-uz-Zaman, Qazi Muhammad Issa, Sir Abdullah Haroon, Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar, and Moulana Abdul Hamid Badayooni were presented in this session. A large number of Muslims from all over the Sub-continent participated in the session. A resolution named “Lahore Resolution” was presented in the session by the Tiger of Bengal A.K Fazl-ul-Haque. It was passed unanimously among the cheers. Thus, on this historical day, the Muslims identified their destination.
(v) Write the names of the members of the cabinet mission plan 1946 AD.
Ans: The Commission consisted of three Ministers
- Sir Stafford Cripps
- A.V. Alexander
- Lord Pethic Lawrence
Since all the members belonged to the British cabinet, it was called cabinet Mission.
(vi) Describe the location of Pakistan.
Ans: Pakistan is located between latitudes 23° – and 37° N, and longitudes 61° and 77° E. India lies in the East of Pakistan, China in the North while Afghanistan in the North-west and Iran in the West. The Arabian Sea is in the South of Pakistan.
(vii) In which mountain range are the Topi pass and Gomal pass situated?
Ans: This mountain range stretches in the south of River Kurram along the Pak-Afghan border from north to south. Tochi Pass and Gomal Pass are situated in these hills.
(viii) What steps are being taken by the government to improve forest?
1. Installation of Tube-Wells:
By the installation of tube-wells, the water table goes down. The water obtained by tube-wells brings a decrease in waterlogging.
2. Cemented Canals:
The banks of canals and water channels are strengthened so that water may not seep into the ground
3. Proper Irrigation System:
Introducing proper system of irrigating fields, noise pollution can be decreased.
4. Establishment of Laboratories
Steps have been taken for the establishment of laboratories for water and soil testing.
5. Training of Farmers:
Training and counseling of farmers must be carried out
(ix) What do you mean by Economic Development?
Ans: The growth of an economy from backward to advanced economy is known as Economic Development. It is a process through which such changes are introduced in economy by adopting and utilizing modern, advanced, capital and human resources as increase the income of the country. The living standard of the people rises. The masses enjoy better opportunities of education, health, employment and recreation.
(x) Write any three points of Muslim Family Law Ordinance 1961 AD.
Ans: The then President Ayub Khan promulgated Muslim Family Laws ordinance 1961. According to this Ordinance:
- All Muslim marriages were to be compulsorily registered in Union Councils.
- Unwanted polygamy was abolished; consent of the current wife and permission by Chairman, Union Council was made mandatory for a second marriage.
- The minimum age limit for marriage was fixed; 18 years for boy and 16 years for girl.
(xi) Which areas of Muslim majority, India got as a result of unjust division by Radcliffe?
Ans: Radcliffe unjustly deprived Pakistan of some important areas. Three of the Tehsils of Gurdaspur District i.e. Gurdaspur, Pathankot, and Batala: Zira, the Tehsil of Ferozepur, and some other areas comprised of an overwhelming majority of the population of the Muslims were handed over to India.
SECTION – C (Marks 16)
Note: Attempt any TWO questions. All questions carry equal marks.
Q3. Explain the role of the Quaid-e-Azam as the first governor-general of Pakistan.
Ans: Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) Role as First Governor General of Pakistan:
- Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) worked as Governor General of Pakistan for 13 months. He died on 11th September 1948. During this short period, he used his penetrating insight and leadership abilities, and resolved important national issues that helped Pakistan stand on its feet.
- The lofty personality of Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) solved the problems created after the birth of Pakistan in an excellent way. Congress tried to create every type of problems for Pakistan including unequal division of assets, the problem of rehabilitation of refugees and inhuman treatment they received from the Hindus and the Sikhs, and non-communication of administrative records on time.
- Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) well-judged the seriousness of the circumstances and made Karachi the capital of Pakistan promptly.
- Advised government officials to do their duty with honestly and faithfulness.
- He arranged to operate special trains to shift officers from India to Pakistan.
- He made an agreement with an Air Company which made the shifting of government officials possible.
- He constituted a committee under the chairmanship of Chaudhary Muhammad Ali to improve the administrative structure.
- He launched civil services and made Pakistan Civil Services Academy
- He also started Accounts and Foreign Service
- The General Headquarters was made in order to improve the Armed Forces
- Ordnance factory was also set up in the short period of Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) Governor Generalship.
- Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) not only paid much attention towards internal affairs but also left no stone unturned to formulate foreign policy. He established good relations with neighboring as well as other major countries which was included in the fundamental objectives of our foreign policy.
- Pakistan got the membership of the United Nations. It was due to the statesmanship of Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah)
- After the establishment of Pakistan, our country was facing many challenges. It was necessary to achieve success in the fields of education. Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) paid special attention towards this issue. He conducted first Educational Conference in 1947. He declared the education of science and technology compulsory for the young students.
- Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) served Pakistan till he breathed his last. Despite his broken health, he would study important files.
- Although the incurable and fatal disease of tuberculosis had weakened him physically, yet his determination to serve Pakistan was not weakened. He did not let his disease come in the way of his duties. It would not be exaggeration to say that Quaid-e-Azam (Rahmatullah) served Pakistan at the cost of his life.
Q4. Describe the importance of the plain region of Pakistan.
Ans: Plain Region of Punjab:
Most of the plain region of Punjab includes the province of the Punjab and Sindh. It is called the Upper Indus Plain and Lower Indus Plain. However, some of the plain regions lies in KPK and Balochistan. We will discuss all of them below:
Plain Region of Punjab:
This region is also known as Upper Indus Plain. It is very fertile. It is made of silt that the rivers have been bringing along with them over the years. This region starts from Pothwar and Salt Range and stretches up to Mithan Kot. It is the largest cultivated area. Doaba Is the piece of land that lies between two rivers. The land of Punjab is spread area between many water doabas. Canals are the main source of irrigation. To meet the needs of the ever-increasing population of the country, tube-wells are also used to irrigate the fields. Barrages are constructed on the rivers. Two types of canals, irrigation canals and link canals are dug out from these barrages. Most of barrages and irrigation canals are in the plain region of the Punjab.
Wheat, cotton, sugarcane and maize are the main crops of this region. The orchards of oranges, mangoes and guava are found in a large number. This region is of prime importance from agricultural point of view. It not only meets the food needs of our country but also earns huge foreign exchange by the export of fruits, cotton and rice. The rice of the region is famous throughout the world for its aroma and taste. Industrial development on the basis of agricultural development is another prominent characteristic of this region. The major part of plain region in the Punjab is densely populated. Large cities are situated in this region such as Lahore, Faisalabad and Multan etc.
Plain Region of Sindh:
This region is also known as Lower Indus Plain. Like the Upper Indus Plain, this region is also very fertile. Thar Desert lies to the east of this region. Irrigation is mostly done with the help of canals but tube-wells are also used for irrigation purposes to make up the deficiency of water. Sakkar Barrage is the largest barrage of this region. Canals are dug out of other two barrages i.e. Guddu Barrage and Kotri Barrage, also Wheat, sugarcane, rice and cotton are major crops of this region. Banana, guava and dates of this region are very famous. Karachi and Hyderabad are the major cities in this region. Both of the cities are famous for industries too.
Plain Region of KPK and Balochistan:
The plain region of KPK mostly consists of the districts of Peshawar, bannu, Lakki Marwat, D.I Khan and Madran. Canals are dug out from the Warsak Dam. These canals irrigate the plain region of Peshawar. The region of Madran is irrigated by the Pahoor High Level Canal. It is dug out from the River Indus. The areas of Bannu and Lakki Marwat are irrigated by the canal dug out from River Kurram whereas the fields in D.I Khan are irrigated by Chashma Right Bank Canal.
Balochistan is a dry region. Most of the plain areas of Balochistan are irrigated by two canals dug out from Guddu Barrage. These are Desert and Pat Feeder canals. The shortage of canal water is met with the help of tube-wells or other sources. Balochistan receives comparatively less rain-fall than KPK. Wheat, tobacco, sugarcane, maize and rice are major crops of this region.
Q5. Write the salient features of the cabinet mission plan 1946 AD.
Ans: Proposals of Cabinet Mission:
The members of the Cabinet Mission met the leaders of all the political parties to find their point of view but they could not reach any result. On 16th May 1946 the members of the Cabinet Mission announced a plan of their own. The salient features of the plan were as under
- Sub-continent, A Union:
The Sub-continent should be a Union consisting of many provinces and several states. A federation should be formed. The Union should deal with the subjects of defense, foreign affairs, and communications. The Union should have the powers to raise the finances required for the above subjects. All subjects other than the union subjects shall be vest with the provinces.
- Formation of Provincial Groups:
The provinces of India were to form three groups:
Hindu majority provinces of Madras, Bombay (Mumbai), U.P, C.P, Bihar, and Orissa.
Muslim majority Provinces like Punjab, NWFP (KPK), Balochistan, and Sindh
Bengal and Assam
- Elections of the Central Legislature:
The members of the Provincial Assemblies will elect the Central Legislature. The central Legislature will frame the constitution for the whole of the country. After the Central Constitution is framed, all the three provincial groups will prepare their own constitutions.
- Interim Government:
An Interim Government would be set up immediately. This government will run the system till the constitution is framed. The Interim Government will consist of the representatives of major parties. All the ministers in the Interim Government will be local. No British will be included in the cabinet. The cabinet will have autonomy in administrative affairs. After the Central Constitution is framed, any province could change its group if it thought necessary. Every province would be empowered to join the group of its own choice.
- Separation from Union:
If one or two provinces from the three groups of provinces decide to separate from the Union, they could do so but after ten years. This point granted the right to the Muslim majority areas of group B and group C to make Pakistan after ten years. Thus, the process of the partition will complete automatically.
- Veto Power:
To appease and calm down the Congress, a point was added to the proposals made by the Commission that if a political party dislikes the proposals given by Cabinet Mission, it can veto it. However, the right to join the Interim Government will be given to only that political party that accepts the proposals. They thought that as the demand of the Muslim League “Pakistan” is not being accepted so that it will reject the proposals. Thus, Congress will approve the Cabinet Mission Plan to form the Central Interim Government.